Prevention of chickenpox

Prevention of chickenpox

It is no stranger to mention chickenpox, which is an acute infectious disease caused by the first infection of varicella-zoster virus. It mainly occurs in infants and preschool children, and the symptoms of adult onset are more serious than children. It is characterized by fever, skin and mucous membranes, and red rash, herpes, and pityriasis. The rash is distributed centripetally, mainly in the chest, abdomen, and back, with few limbs.


It is often transmitted in winter and spring, and its infectious power is strong. The chickenpox is the only source of infection. It is contagious from 1 to 2 days before the onset to the dry and crusted period of rash. It can be infected by contact or inhalation. The rate can reach more than 95%. The disease is a self-limiting disease, generally does not leave scars, such as mixed bacterial infection will leave scars, life-long immunity can be obtained after the disease, sometimes the virus remains in the ganglion in a static state, and the infection recurs many years after the emergence of herpes zoster.


The disease is caused by infection with varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Varicella-Zoster virus belongs to the herpesvirus family and is a double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid virus with only one serotype. Chickenpox is highly contagious, and the main route of transmission is respiratory droplets or direct contact with infection. Varicella-zoster virus can be infected in any age group, and infants and preschool, school-age children are more common, and infants under 6 months are less common. The spread of chickenpox in susceptible populations depends mainly on factors such as climate, population density and health conditions.

Home care:

1. Pay attention to disinfection and cleaning
Clothes, bedding, towels, dressings, toys, tableware, etc. that come into contact with the chickenpox herpes liquid are washed, dried, boiled, boiled, and sterilized according to the situation, and are not shared with healthy people. At the same time, you should change your clothes and keep your skin clean.
2. Timed window opening
Air circulation also has the effect of killing viruses in the air, but care should be taken to prevent the patient from getting cold when the room is ventilated. Let the room shine as much as possible and open the glass window.
3. Frying
If you have a fever, it is best to use a physical fever such as ice pillows, towels, and plenty of water. Let the sick children rest, eat a nutritious and digestible diet, drink plenty of water and juice.
4. Pay attention to changes in the condition
Pay attention to changes in the condition. If you find a rash, continue to have high fever, cough, or vomiting, headache, irritability or lethargy. If you are convulsions, you should go to the hospital for medical treatment.
5. Avoid breaking your herpes by hand
In particular, be careful not to scratch the face of the pox rash, so as to prevent the herpes from being scratched and causing a purulent infection. If the lesion is deeply damaged, it may leave scars. To prevent this from happening, cut your child's nails and keep your hands clean.


Post time: Dec-14-2021